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If you visit the town of Chorro de Maíta in the municipality of Banes in the province of Holguín, you will arrive at the archaeological zone with the largest Aboriginal settlement in Cuba.

Inaugurated in 1990, the site, which simulates a Taino village, shows a cemetery of natives with all the forms of burial found not only in the country, but also in the Caribbean.

One of the main characteristics that the traveller will find are the 38 human sculptures that represent aspects of the daily life of the native inhabitants of the archipelago.

During the discovery of the site, the newcomer will also find pots and ornaments, as well as representations of dwellings, religious ceremonies, healing rituals and activities such as sowing crops and hunting.

In space for the enjoyment of nature for the exuberance of the area where the particular Cuban fields and the coastal coast of the northern part of the country are mixed.

The territory is among the oldest and longest inhabited regions of Cuba, dating from the end of the year 1440 to 1540.

The aboriginal population of the area was one of the last to disappear, perhaps because it was not colonized vigorously; although Diego Velázquez in his conquest and colonization of the island made stopover in these lands.

The specialists found fragments of brass, bells and Christian burials of Spaniards in the area with remains of limbs extended, arms crossed at chest height and skulls that did not deform mostly.

At present, 33 percent of Cuba’s archaeological wealth is located in the province of Holguín, and the largest concentration of archaeological sites are located in Banes, with more than 100 sites.

by: Elizabeth Colombe Frias